Scott is a research scientist working on learning and education in virtual reality. He is investigating how spatial knowledge and intuition in areas of science such as physics, biology, and chemistry can be acquired through room-scale, motion-tracked virtual interaction. This includes exploring methods for directly integrating technical knowledge into the virtual space -- which is vital to maximizing the potential of VR for learning experiences. At the same time, taking advantage of virtual reality also means breaking from the textbook knowledge paradigm so that learning can be exploratory rather pre-baked and linear. An approach Scott is exploring is to leave it up to people -- that is, by leveraging virtual copresence to allow teachers, learners, and peers to interact in real-time in a shared virtual space. Finally, he is developing methods for capturing and taking knowledge from experiences in VR "to-go" using tools for note-taking and documentation. All of this work is being developed while building open source tools, and with a conviction that educational tools and content should be open-access. Another facet of Scott's work is quantifying the experience of virtual reality using physiological signals such as eye tracking and EEG. This is relevant to understanding the cognitive and affective aspects of the learning process, as well as the more general process of consuming content in virtual reality. Scott's work has been featured by Games for Change at the Tribeca Film Festival, the New York Times and the Augmented World Expo. He holds a bachelor's degree in Mathematics and German from Northwestern University, a master's in Scientific Computing from the Free University of Berlin, and a master's in Media Arts and Sciences from the Center for Bits and Atoms at MIT. He is originally from Fort Collins, Colorado. He speaks German and considers Berlin his second home. He's an advanced snowboarder, and sings a mean "Rockin' in the Free World" with his guitar. You can find Scott on Twitter.

S Greenwald, et al., "Technology and applications for collaborative learning in virtual reality." International Society of the Learning Sciences, 2017.   [Link]

Scott W Greenwald, Wiley Corning, Pattie Maes, "Multi-User Framework for Collaboration and Co-Creation in Virtual Reality." 12th International Conference on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL), 2017.   [Link]

Scott W Greenwald, Zhangyuan Wang, Markus Funk, Pattie Maes, "Investigating Social Presence and Communication with Embodied Avatars in Room-Scale Virtual Reality." International Conference on Immersive Learning, 2017.   [Link]

Greenwald, Scott W. and Bedri, Hisham and Citron, Daniel and Maes, Pattie. Note-Taking in Virtual Reality Using Visual Hyperlinks and Annotations. iLRN 2016.   [PDF]   [Link]

Greenwald, Scott W. and Funk, Markus and Loreti, Luke, and Mayo, David and Maes, Pattie. EVA: Exploratory Learning with Virtual Companions Sharing Attention and Context. ICALT 2016.   [PDF]   [Link]

Greenwald, Scott W. and Khan, Mina and Vazquez, Christian D. and Maes, Pattie. TagAlong: Informal Learning from a Remote Companion with Mobile Perspective Sharing. CELDA 2015, Oct 2015.   [Link]

Greenwald, Scott W. and Vazquez, Christian D. and Maes, Pattie. TakeTwo: Using Google Glass for Augmented Memory. CHI EA '15, 2015   [Link]

Greenwald, Scott W. and Maes, Pattie and Khan, Mina. Enabling Human Micro-Presence Through Small-Screen Head-up Display Devices. CHI EA '15, 2015.   [Link]

Funk, Markus and Kosch, Thomas and Greenwald, Scott W. and Schmidt, Albrecht. A Benchmark for Interactive Augmented Reality Instructions for Assembly Tasks. MUM '15, 2015.   [Link]

L. Lischke and D. Weber and S. Greenwald. Pervasive Interaction Across Displays. IEEE Pervasive Computing, v.14 n.4, 2015.   [Link]

Scott W. Greenwald. 2015. Responsive Facilitation of Experiential Learning Through Access to Attentional State. In Adjunct Proceedings of the 28th Annual ACM Symposium on User Interface Software & Technology (UIST '15 Adjunct). ACM, New York, NY, USA, 1-4.   [PDF]   [Link]

Schmidt-Nielsen, Peter and Chen, Kailiang and Bachrach, Jonathan and Greenwald, Scott and Green, Forrest and Gershenfeld, Neil. Cryptography with Asynchronous Logic Automata. in Cryptography and Security: From Theory to Applications: Essays Dedicated to Jean-Jacques Quisquater on the Occasion of His 65th Birthday. Springer 2012.   [Link]

Gershenfeld, Neil and Dalrymple, David and Chen, Kailiang and Knaian, Ara and Green, Forrest and Demaine, Erik D. and Greenwald, Scott and Schmidt-Nielsen, Peter. Reconfigurable Asynchronous Logic Automata: (RALA). POPL '10, 2010.   [Link]